You can find other general substitutes for achiote paste in our ingredients, substitutions and equivalents dictionary. Achiote paste is used to make a traditional Yucatan dish called Cochinita Pibil.
Use this substitute if you don't have achiote paste at home OR if you just want to make your own, fresh version.
Grind the first 6 ingredients to a powder in an electric spice mill. Achiote seeds are very hard, so it will take a little time. Beware these hard seeds will dull your grinder.
Crush the garlic with the salt in a mortar, then gradually work in the ground spices. A hot red chili pepper could be added; crush it with the garlic. Moisten with the vinegar or bitter orange juice so that you have a smooth paste.
Form the paste into small disks or balls and let them dry, or put the paste into an airtight container to dry. Whether dried, or as a paste, the recado will keep for several months if refrigerated.
To use, mix with more Seville orange juice (or fresh lime juice).