jalapeno chile pepper: gourmetsleuth.com
Pronounced[hah-lah-PEH-nyoh] are thick, leathery dark green or red chiles that contains quite a bit of heat.
Article by: Barbara Bowman
The Jalapeno is one of the most commonly grown chiles in Mexico and probably the most common chile pepper in the U.S. When the jalapeno is smoked and dried it is called a "chipotle".
The name "jalapeno" is derived from "Jalapa" the capitol of Veracruz, Mexico. The chiles average 2" to 2 1/2" in length and about 1" in diameter.
The use of this chile dates back to the Aztecs who were the first known to smoke the chiles. Jalapenos are so thick and fleshy that they can't be dried to preserve them because they'll rot before they will dry
Jalapeno Uses And Product Types
The Jalapeno is very versatile and is used fresh, roasted, filled, as well as pickled. It can be diced and used in fresh salsas and pico de gallo or atop any dish where a little extra "heat" is desired. The pickled versions are used as a condiment. Jalapenos are also used in cooked dishes.
The Jalapeno is considered a moderate to hot chile or a 5 on a scale of 1 to 10 (10 being the hottest).
Jalapeno Peppers, Fresh
Select chiles that are firm and smooth. A wrinkled chile means it is old. As with most produce jalapenos are best used fresh but you can store them for several days, refrigerated. See the where to buy section for purchasing information.
A few companies offer a Jalapeno powder although it is not particularly useful. It will add heat to food but not a lot of flavor.
Jalapeno Chiles, Whole Dried (Chipotle)
As mentioned before, in the dried and smoked form, the jalapeno is called "chipotle" and is available in Mexican markets and online.
Jalapenos en Escabeche
Available in cans or jars in most Mexican and many non-ethic grocery stores. La Morena is one of the best quality products and La Costena and Herdez are quite popular as well. If you like to make your own, fresh, here is a recipe. (Jalapenos en Escabeche)
Jalapenos have become ubiquitous and are available in most grocery stores, canned, pickled and fresh. Jalapeno powder is harder to find but it is available online.Chileplants.com
- Want to grow your own Jalapeno plants? The best source on the web for plant seedlings.